One small problem i recently came across was a project that had a slow build time to run, ~7 mins approx. Config changes required a rebuild, so 7 mins per change. Something i noticed was npm packages being installed for config changes and even HTML changes - why do i need to download 1000+ npm packages if i'm only changing HTML? Madness!
Docker can cache commands but only if the Dockerfile is written in a certain way. Take the following scenario:
FROM node:9 COPY /src /src RUN npm install RUN npm build
Docker can cache each command and create a Layer. Layers are cached if Docker detects that no files have been changed for that command.
By splitting the COPY into 2 commands, we can utilize caching and speed up the build time for builds that haven't modified npm packages:
FROM node:9 COPY /src/package*.json /src # Docker will cache these 2 layers if package.json and package.lock.json are unmodified RUN npm install # copy the rest of our code and run a fresh build COPY /src /src RUN npm build
Just by adding 1 line, we can speed up most of our builds - in my scenario it was local builds and CI server builds (npm packages rarely change in a mature project)
This 1 line
Dockerfile change has saved our team a few minutes per build (we had some large / slow npm dependencies for things like integration testing such as cypress)
That's all folks!